International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP); the latest incarnation of almost five decades of scientific ocean drilling excellence

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Author(s): Austin, J. A., Jr.; Given, H.; Brenner, C.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Texas at Austin, Institute for Geophysics, Austin, TX, United States
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, United States
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, United States
Volume Title: 35th international geological congress; abstracts
Source: International Geological Congress [International Geological Congress, Abstracts = Congrès Géologique International, Résumés, Vol.35; 35th international geological congress, Cape Town, South Africa, Aug. 27-Sept. 4, 2016. Publisher:], [location varies], International CODEN: IGABBY
Note: In English; illus.
Summary: IODP (2013-2023) represents the latest phase of the longest running and most successful scientific collaboration in the history of the Earth sciences. IODP follows on from three earlier phases, the Deep-Sea Drilling Project (1968-1983), the Ocean Drilling Program (1983-2003) and the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (2003-2013). IODP is a collaborative program, in which member countries (more than 25) bring a variety of drilling/coring/sampling capabilities to explore changes in the Earth system through geologic time. The United States (U.S.) supplies IODP's flagship - the leased commercial drillship JOIDES Resolution (Figure 1A). The "JR", as she is affectionately called by the thousands of scientists and students around the world who have sailed aboard her on more than 100 drilling expeditions, has been serving the scientific drilling community since 1984. To address deep objectives within sedimented continental margins and in the crust, Japan contributes the riser-equipped Chikyu (Figure 1B). Finally, the European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling (ECORD) contributes "mission-specific platforms" (MSPs) (Figure 1C) to address targets not suitable for the other platforms, e.g., those in shallow water, like reefs, and in ice-covered high latitudes. IODP is entirely motivated by competitively reviewed proposals from the international community. These proposals respond to a decadal Science Plan, "Illuminating Earth's Past, Present and Future" (see, developed and written in response to extensive discussions among the world's best Earth scientists. The vast majority of proposals come from scientists in member countries and consortia, but IODP proposals also include scientists from non-member countries interested in ocean drilling. IODP is especially interested in adding countries bounding the South Atlantic to its membership ranks, like South Africa. All drilling expeditions are staffed by technicians and scientific "parties" derived from member country/consortia communities. Those parties represent a spectrum of appropriate disciplines, and include graduate students and educators. Members are expected to provide funding (e.g., salary, fellowships) for that participation, along with post-expedition support for scientific research, education and outreach, workshops, and other activities that showcase the program's world-class scientific results, e.g., lectures at academic institutions and museums. Cores are stored in perpetuity, in repositories in Japan, Germany, and in the U.S., as the ultimate legacy of scientific ocean drilling.
Year of Publication: 2016
Research Program: IODP2 International Ocean Discovery Program
Key Words: 07 Marine Geology and Oceanography; Asia; Chikyu; Deep drilling; Drilling; Far East; International Ocean Discovery Program; International cooperation; JOIDES; Japan; Marine environment; Programs
Record ID: 2017031983
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by International Geological Congress Organizational Committee

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