Structural evolution in accretionary prism toe revealed by magnetic fabric analysis from IODP NanTroSEIZE Expedition 316

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doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.01.040
Author(s): Kitamura, Yujin; Kanamatsu, Toshiya; Zhao, Xixi
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
University of Kiel, Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, Kiel, Federal Republic of Germany
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan
University of California at Santa Cruz, United States
Volume Title: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Source: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 292(1-2), p.221-230. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0012-821X CODEN: EPSLA2
Note: In English. 51 refs.; illus., incl. sect., sketch maps
Summary: This paper presents magnetic fabric analysis to examine the internal structure of the accretionary prism toe in the Nankai Trough, off the east coast of Japan. Two sites (C0006 and C0007) drilled during Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 316 penetrated the sediment section, including intra wedge thrusts and the frontal thrust. Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) measurements provides insight into recorded strain during sedimentary and tectonic processes. Results from the upper part of the wedge show sedimentary acquired compaction fabric in general. In the lower part, AMS fabrics occasionally rotate almost ninety degrees and suggest horizontal compression. In contrast, magnetic fabrics did not show any correspondence to the thrusts or minor normal faults, which implies that those faults develop with concentrated shear deformation without disturbing surrounding sediments. Two adjacent drilling sites and dense sampling demonstrated clearly the change in strain field which is reported by previous studies. Based on these results, we propose a model of structural evolution at the toe of the prism. Underthrusting sediments induce horizontal stress in the lower part of the wedge, which reduces the effective stress and forms a high pore pressure anomaly and zones of fracturing. The frontal thrust is bent geometrically and terminates its activity in response to an increase of friction that triggers initiation of the next-generation frontal thrust. The upper part of the wedge tilts accordingly, resulting in an unstable slope. Abstract Copyright (2010) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 2010
Research Program: IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 16 Structural Geology; Accretionary wedges; Anisotropy; Compaction; Compression; Decollement; Deformation; Expedition 316; Fabric; Faults; Fracturing; Friction; IODP Site C0006; IODP Site C0007; Integrated Ocean Drilling Program; Magnetic susceptibility; Marine sediments; NanTroSEIZE; Nankai Trough; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; Pacific Ocean; Pore pressure; Porosity; Sediments; Stress; Subduction zones; Underthrust faults; West Pacific
Coordinates: N330100 N330200 E1364800 E1364800
N330114 N330119 E1364757 E1364753
Record ID: 2010057356
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands