Integrated stratigraphy and paleoceanography of the Messinian (latest Miocene) across the North Atlantic Ocean

Author(s): Zhang, Jijun; Scott, David B.
Author Affiliation(s): Primary:
Dalhousie University, Centre for Marine Geology, Halifax, NS, Canada
Volume Title: Marine Micropaleontology
Source: Marine Micropaleontology, 29(1), p.1-36. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0377-8398 CODEN: MAMIDH
Note: In English. 78 refs.; illus., incl. charts, 6 tables, sketch map
Summary: The Messinian was a time of major climatic and paleoceanographic change during the late Cenozoic. It is well known around the Mediterranean region because of the giant anhydrite/gypsum sequence and the suggested desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea. However, this interval is less constrained outside the Mediterranean region, where several paleoceanographic changes could have taken place because of the desiccation. Hence, we present an integrated stratigraphic framework for future Messinian paleoceanographic studies, determination of the effect of the Mediterranean desiccation on deep-water paleoceanography, and comparison of intra-Mediterranean paleoceanographic changes with those in the open oceans during the Messinian Stage. Four DSDP/ODP Holes (552A, 646B, 608, and 547A) from the North Atlantic Ocean and one land borehole from Morocco have been studied to integrate bio-, magneto-, and stable isotope Messinian stratigraphy with high resolution sampling. Our results produce the best assessment of the Tortonian/Messinian boundaries in all holes because they do not rely on any one signal. In paleomagnetic Subchronozone C3An.1r in the Sale borehole and DSDP Site 609, a S/D coiling direction change of Neogloboquadrina pachyderma/acostaensis appears to indicate PMOW entering the northeastern Atlantic Ocean, at least reaching 50°N. Diachrony and synchrony of some important Messinian planktic foraminifera from these Atlantic DSDP/ODP holes and the Sale borehole, such as the LO of Gq. dehiscens, the LO of Gt. lenguaensis, the FO and LO of Gt. conomiozea, the FO of Gt. margaritae s.s., the FO of Gt. puncticulata, and the FO of Gt. crassaformis are discussed for understanding some of the paleoceanographic changes. This integrated stratigraphic framework presented here allows much better North Atlantic correlations at this critical point in Messinian geologic history. Abstract Copyright (1996) Elsevier, B.V.
Year of Publication: 1996
Research Program: DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Project
IPOD International Phase of Ocean Drilling
ODP Ocean Drilling Program
Key Words: 12 Stratigraphy, Historical Geology and Paleoecology; Africa; Algae; Atlantic Ocean; Biostratigraphy; Boreholes; C-13/C-12; Carbon; Cenozoic; Correlation; DSDP Site 547; DSDP Site 552; DSDP Site 608; Deep Sea Drilling Project; Foraminifera; IPOD; Invertebrata; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Leg 105; Leg 79; Leg 81; Leg 94; Lithofacies; Messinian; Microfossils; Miocene; Morocco; Nannofossils; Neogene; North Africa; North Atlantic; O-18/O-16; ODP Site 646; Ocean Drilling Program; Oxygen; Paleo-oceanography; Paleoclimatology; Paleogeography; Paleomagnetism; Planktonic taxa; Plantae; Protista; Rabat Morocco; Sale Morocco; Stable isotopes; Stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; Thallophytes; Tortonian; Upper Miocene
Record ID: 1997007527
Copyright Information: GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands

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